The world’s most populous cities have some of the world’s longest and most densely populated transit networks.
Some of them are also some of its most affordable.
Here’s how we got here.
Cities with more than a million residents are generally more expensive than the rest of Canada, but also have better transit options, such as low-cost transit (LRT), public transit, or dedicated bus lanes.
Toronto, with more people than any other Canadian city, has a dense subway system that runs from Yonge Street to St. Clair Ave.
The system has been a model for Canadian cities, especially for high-density transit systems, and for Canadian transit operators.
Toronto is also home to the world-class Yonge subway station, which opened in 2009.
It’s also the only Toronto subway station that has a dedicated bike lane.
In recent years, it has seen an expansion of LRT, which is the fastest-growing form of transit in Canada.
Toronto has a high concentration of low-income residents, many of whom live in neighbourhoods of single-family homes.
The city has also seen an influx of new residents to neighbourhoods that are already dense and heavily built-up, including Yorkville, Parkdale and Scarborough.
The Toronto-area subway system has expanded to a capacity of nearly 30 million passengers a day.
Toronto’s transit network includes: • Toronto-Guildford Subway Line: An LRT line from Toronto to the University of Toronto, which opens in 2020.
The station is in the downtown core.
• Scarborough Subway Line : An extension of the Scarborough Subway to Yorkville.
The line is currently under construction.
• Stoney Creek Subway Line (L-Train): A subway line that runs to the downtown Scarborough area and ends in Scarborough.
• Yorkville Subway Line and Yonge Subway Line, with LRT: A subway that runs between Toronto and the University.
The lines are currently under development.
• Toronto Subway LRT : A new subway line between the downtown and the Scarborough neighbourhoods.
It will be a sub-line of the LRT system.
• University of North America Subway Line – Scarborough: An extension to the Scarborough subway, currently under study.
• Vaughan Subway Line Scarborough: A new Subway line between Vaughan and Yorkville that will be built as part of the Vaughan LRT.
• Downtown Subway Line Toronto: A sub-division of the existing Scarborough subway line, now under construction, and is planned to open in 2021.
• South York Subway Line LRT Scarborough: LRT service between Scarborough and the Yorkville subway station in Scarborough and will be completed in 2021, along with the Scarborough-Yorkville Subway Station and the Yonge-University subway station.
• Yonge/University Subway Line Yorkville: An underground subway line for Yorkville in Scarborough, with a total length of 588 metres.
It has been under construction since 2009.
• LRT in Toronto Scarborough: The new subway system between Toronto’s downtown and Scarborough, currently undergoing construction.
The LRT will connect with the existing subway system and will have a total capacity of over 300 million passengers per day.
It is expected to be operational by 2021.
LRT systems in major urban centres: • Brampton: Brampton has the largest population in Ontario, and its subway system includes a total of three lines.
It includes the Brampton Subway, a subline of GO Transit’s York Region LRT that runs east to west.
The Brampton subway system is scheduled to be completed by 2021, and the subway line will be expanded into the Downtown LRT area in 2021 and a subdivision of GO’s York Metro line, which runs west to east.
• Ottawa: The Ottawa subway system features a dedicated bus lane, and will connect to the existing York subway line.
• Vancouver: The Vancouver Subway is a sub line of the York Region subway system.
It serves the downtown area and the south side of the city.
• Hamilton: The Hamilton Subway system is a branch of the Ottawa subway line and is under construction for the second phase.
• Edmonton: The Edmonton subway system, also known as the Edmonton Subway Line runs west-southwest along a main line from downtown to the city’s east side.
It opens in 2021 as part a submodal extension of GO Rail’s York Subway line.
It also serves the north side of downtown.
• Calgary: The Calgary subway system consists of the Calgary Subway Line extension and the Calgary Transitway Extension.
The Calgary Transitways will connect the city to the west with a new LRT station at the University Station.
The expansion is scheduled for completion in 2021 on a subterminal line that will extend north from downtown, but will connect west to south of the west side.
• Regina: The Regina Subway System includes a dedicated transit lane in the north, west and east sections of Regina.
Regina has a very low population density, with just 3,500 people per square kilometre, so it is not